Military Police

SPRING 2014

Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 12 By Lieutenant Colonel Peter J. Grande (Retired) and Sergeant Major Ronald W. Hussung A professional Soldier is defned as "an expert, a volunteer certifed in the profession of arms, bonded with comrades in a shared identity and culture of sacrifce and service to the Nation and the Constitution, who adheres to the Army ethic and is a steward of the future of the profession." 1 Thus, Military Police Corps Soldiers who work in the feld of corrections are more than just correctional offcers; they are professionals who are known throughout the military as internment/resettlement (I/R) specialists. This is their story. The 1960s constituted a decade of political, civil, and social unrest in America. Vietnam War protests, the civil rights movement, and increases in the use of illegal drugs and other law breaking occurred during that time. As a microcosm of American society, the U.S. Army experienced its share of Soldiers who violated rules and regulations and were consequently confned in Army stockades around the world. Guard duty at Army stockades was assigned to junior enlisted Soldiers as a 30-day temporary duty. These Soldiers, selected by company leaders, were not often considered the cream of the crop; and they viewed stockade duty as demeaning. Some leaders deliberately selected problem Soldiers for the job to illustrate to them what it was like to be confned. But the lack of training and professionalism exhibited by some of the guards sparked massive riots in many stockades. In 1967, the U.S. Army Military Police School (USAMPS) recognized the training and professionalism shortcomings and established a correctional course designed for private frst class and private second class military police Soldiers who had a military occupational specialty (MOS) of 95B and were at least 20 years of age. This course complemented corrections courses that had already been established for military police offcers and noncommissioned offcers (NCOs). 2 In 1969, the Military Police Corps refned the standard and established the MOS 95C correctional specialist, with permanent duty in Army stockades. In 1970, a group of expert civilian penologists conducted a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the Army Confnement System (ACS), which consisted of three tiers: y The f irst tier consisted of stockades (later renamed installation detention facilities) which housed pretrial and short-term posttrial prisoners. y The second tier consisted of the U.S. Army Retraining Brigade (later renamed the U.S. Army Correctional Brigade), which provided a "return to duty" program. y The third tier consisted of the U.S. Disciplinary Barracks (USDB), which housed long-term prisoners. The resulting Report of the Special Civilian Committee for the Study of the United States Army Confnement System indicated that the ACS was plagued with problems similar to those of civilian corrections systems—specifcally, a weak, decentralized management structure; personnel problems; overcrowding; and riots. It recommended the establishment of an Army Correctional Command and suggested that all ACS facilities fall under the direction of the Provost Marshal General. The report further indicated that only 32.4 percent of the authorized 1,492 MOS 95C stockade positions were actually flled with 95C Soldiers. 3 This was no surprise, as MOS 95C was still in its infancy and only a limited number of training courses were available at USAMPS. However, by 1977, MOS 95C Skill Level 1 positions (privates through specialists fourth class) were flled with 95C Soldiers. In fact, the MOS was overstrength, forcing the Military Police Corps to reduce its numbers. The Military Police Corps changed its recruiting policy for MOS 95C in 1985, eliminating Skill Level 1, thus making MOS 95B Skill Level 2 (sergeant) the lowest entry level. The rationale for the change was to gain experienced military police NCOs who could effectively interact with the older, more sophisticated military prisoner population at the USDB—the only Department of Defense (DOD) maximum- custody facility. This policy change barred lower-ranking enlisted Soldiers from transitioning to the corrections MOS and prevented civilians with corrections experience from joining the Army as part of the corrections feld. The USAMPS converted the basic Correctional Specialist Course to an entry level Corrections NCO Course and made it a requirement for all NCOs transferring to MOS 95C. 4 However, a negative perception of the corrections feld was generated from within the Military Police Corps. Working in close confnement with prisoners had always been the least desirable duty in the Military Police Corps, and MOS 95B military police were reluctant to transfer to an MOS that was now perceived as less challenging and as offering fewer opportunities for career Grande_Hussung.1.indd 14 3/21/2014 12:54:56 PM

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