Military Police

SPRING 2014

Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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14 MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 Camp Bucca deployed in 2005 and again in 2008. The Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 705th Military Police Battalion (I/R), Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, deployed in 2006 and again in 2009. During the 2006 deployment, the 705th Military Police Battalion was the only active duty military police battalion at Camp Bucca, Iraq, where 23,000 detainees were confned. Immediately and at a relentless pace, MOS 31E Soldiers reassessed security measures, separated security threat groups, established rehabilitation programs, and improved the overall handling of detainees. Many senior military leaders believe that the 31Es singlehandedly shaped the strategic role of the Nation by improving the international community view regarding the safe, secure, and humane treatment of detainees. The Global War on Terrorism continued; and in April 2009, the 40th Military Police Battalion (I/R) was activated at Fort Leavenworth. Within 2 years, it was deployed to Iraq. After transferring the fnal 200 high-value detainees to the Iraqi government under a status-of-forces agreement, the 40th was the last military police unit to leave Iraq. The I/R specialists of today are multifaceted. First, they are warriors, defending our Nation against all enemies—foreign and domestic. As Soldiers, they are held to strict standards regarding ethics, conduct, physical ftness, weight control, appearance, security maintenance, combat skills, weapons qualifcation, and survivability. Second, as supervisors of captives, they must differentiate between military prisoners, enemy prisoners of war, and detainees. They train in the areas of military justice and the use of force, Army corrections policies and procedures, the Geneva and Hague Conventions, the rules of war, and international political and religious customs. They must be aware of the informational, social, political, infrastructural, economic, and physical spectra of the country in which they are operating. Besides the normal dangers of working among violent offenders, they must deal with the outsider threat. Corrections offcers commonly face active-shooter scenarios; however, the additional uncertainty of rocket and mortar attacks and suicide bombers faced by I/R specialists is constant. Although English is the operational language within ACS facilities, I/R specialists dealing with enemy prisoners of war and detainees must rely on linguists in order to effectively supervise and execute detention processes. Finally, I/R specialists must develop host nation partnerships. The transfer of the detention mission to the host nation is crucial to any exit strategy. MOS 31E Soldiers train host nation correctional offcers to understand safe and secure detention operations. I/R specialists must instill in their host nation counterparts the realization that—while crowding, neglect, and torture may have been common practices in the past—humane treatment within a safe and secure environment is now the standard. These are tremendous responsibilities for 31E Soldiers, as mission success completely Year Operation Mission Location 1980 Mariel Boat Lift Cuban refugees Fort Chaffee, Arkansas 1989 Just Cause Enemy prisoners of war Panama 1990 Desert Storm Enemy prisoners of war Iraq 1992 Safe Harbor Haitian refugees Guantanamo Bay, Cuba 1994 Restore Hope Detainees Somalia 1995 Sea Signal Haitian/Cuban refugees Guantanamo Bay, Cuba 1996 Joint Endeavor Enemy prisoners of war Taszar, Hungry 1998 Joint Forge Enemy prisoners of war Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo 1999 Joint Guardian Enemy prisoners of war Kosovo 2002–Present Enduring Freedom Detainees Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and Afghanistan 2003–2011 Iraqi Freedom Detainees Iraq 2012–2013 Enduring Freedom Military prisoners Theater Field Confnement Facility–Kuwait Table 1. Deployment of Army correctional specialists in support of contingency operations Grande_Hussung.1.indd 16 3/21/2014 12:55:00 PM

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