Military Police


Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 16 "Strategic Landpower: Winning the Clash of Wills," a recent Strategic Landpower Task Force white paper, succinctly articulates the strategic importance of the human domain in future operations. Given the fundamental premise that people are at the epicenter of national engagements, "confict is also an inherently human endeavor." 1 Force indomitability will not be suffcient; therefore, strategies used to accomplish the missions outlined in defense strategic guidance must have human objectives, defned as "actions taken to infuence people—be they government and military leaders or groups within a population—as their core strategic focus." 2 This leaves much to the imagination, resulting in more questions than answers—questions like: What is the human domain? How do opposing forces operate within it? How do we achieve objectives within a domain that is inherently intangible? The human domain encapsulates the elements that infuence the human condition—which, in turn, defne human terrain features. This provides friendly forces a map with which to identify decisive points against a populace center of gravity and serves as friendly and opposing force "ways" to a populace "ends." Part One: Framing According to Admiral William H. McRaven, commander of the U.S. Special Operations Command, "The human domain encompasses the totality of the physical, cultural, and social environments that infuence human behavior." 3 Although this is an informative description, further characterization of the human domain is prudent. Human and land domains overlap along the range of military operations. For friendly and opposing forces, operations centered on the human domain strategically precede operations focused on the land domain. 4 Historically, hybrid threat actors who conduct irregular warfare are dominant within the human domain—their preferred arena of confict. Consequently, U.S. government agencies are left to analyze what it takes to "win wars among the people," 5 addressing what it means to win hearts and minds. The categorical analysis of the human domain is far more diffcult. For this reason, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs may be useful (see Figure 1). 6 For this article, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs provides a construct to guide discussion about irregular opposing-force actions and a means of leveraging operational art. The purpose is not to develop or advocate a comprehensive analytical comparison of human psychological needs within the operational environment. Abraham Maslow believed that people are inherently motivated to achieve certain needs and that, once achieved, they move on to other, more advanced needs. The satisfaction of lower-order needs is requisite to climbing the hierarchy to higher-order needs. The fve levels of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, in ascending order, are— y Biological and physiological. Biological and physiological needs include food, water, warmth, sleep, and sex. y Safety. Safety needs include security, protection from the elements, law and order, and stability. y Social. Social needs include love and affection, family, work and social groups and relationships, and a sense of belonging. y Esteem. Esteem needs include responsibility, self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, social status, and prestige. y Self-actualization. Self-actualization needs include the realization of personal potential, self-fulfllment, and peak experiences (personal growth). 7 Whether conscious of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs or not, hybrid threat actors can be very effective at executing tasks, roles, or operations to fulfll needs. The ability to attain an effective level of authenticity is paramount for any actor seeking longevity as a fgure or apparatus of authority granted by the general public. This is just as true for a policeman on the beat or an elected offcial as it is for a criminal, insurgent, or guerrilla. Ultimately, within the human domain, "the irregular [opposing force] seeks to obtain recognition of its legitimacy by a willing populace." 8 Insurgents and guerrillas are largely native; their indigenous knowledge of the language, geography, residents, customs, and concerns provides them with the innate ability to develop relationships and meet hierarchical needs. They also enjoy a marked advantage over visitors, who are often portrayed—or at least viewed—as imperial. 9 As a result, hybrid threat actors can be highly effective at executing tasks, operations, or roles to fulfll their needs. By Captain Ari Fisher Fisher.1.indd 18 3/21/2014 12:49:18 PM

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