Military Police

SPRING 2014

Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 27 especially vital during certain events. Riot control and forced cell move training require that each participant know exactly what the others' missions are and how the team fts together like a puzzle. AIT squad leaders often observe forced cell moves with dynamic initial entries—but because one Soldier fails to successfully complete a specifc task, the entire mission fails. Teamwork and collaboration are stressed from the beginning, and they pay off through the entire training cycle. Communication and Engagement The most vital correction and detention specialist skill is interpersonal communication. Whether dealing with a rowdy inmate at Fort Leavenworth or a high-risk detainee in Afghanistan, a guard who excels in interpersonal communication can make the right things happen. Communication skills are taught during the frst week of training and are then used throughout the remainder of the course. Soldiers must employ the newly acquired skills in exercises involving close-confnement operations, dining facility procedures, and visitation. The ability to use interpersonal communication skills in engagements with inmates is often the difference between a student's success or failure in the fnal feld training exercise. Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Problem solving is another key competency for Soldiers, who are often thrust into situations where immediate reasoning and quick problem solving can strategically affect the country. Many Soldiers leave training and are employed in guard force positions where they must solve problems without the immediate presence of a noncommissioned offcer. They must be able to react to minor and major disturbances by making sound and timely decisions, fnding and accounting for missing detainees, and simultaneously dealing with multiple situations. Therefore, critical-thinking and problem-solving skills—the cornerstones of the ALM—are taught throughout the course and heavily emphasized during the feld training exercise, as they are crucial to the development of dynamic military police Soldiers. Critical thinking and problem solving are perhaps most important for 31E Soldiers who perform the vital mission of guarding detainees at the U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Technical and Tactical Competence (Full Spectrum- Capable) Technical and tactical competencies continue to be main priorities for Soldiers, regardless of military occupational specialty or rank. AIT for correction and detention specialists builds these competencies through the time-tested method of crawl-walk-run training. All Soldiers are presented with the basic, doctrinal standard for completing a technical or tactical task. Throughout the training cycle, Soldiers attend lectures and receive hands-on training, which progresses as competence is proven. Each Soldier must exhibit individual technical competence, as determined through facility exams (similar to common task tests). Once the Soldiers have proven individual technical competence, they are brought together for the fnal feld training exercise, where they must use their skills in a tactical or theater internment facility. Although this does not represent a strictly tactical environment, the ability of Soldiers to successfully demonstrate the employment of these skills in a simulated stressful environment serves to provide the instructors with validation that a new class of correction and detention specialists is ready to perform the mission in any environment. Conclusion The ALM represents the future of training. Although the model does not apply to every individual skill and task, it has already been used for many courses. It will continue to be necessary to teach standards—with little room for discussion— to Soldiers in basic training. However, as these Soldiers transition to AIT, they must begin to build a foundation of Soldier competencies. For correction and detention specialists, that process starts with committed, professional leadership within Company C. Company C leaders take great pride in building adaptive 31E Soldiers for the future. The ALM is the basis for what has been done and the reason for success in the AIT system. Endnotes: 1 U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Pamphlet (Pam) 525-8-2, The U.S. Army Learning Concept for 2015, 20 January 2011. 2 Ibid. Captain Luley is the commander of Company C, 701st Military Police Battalion, which is the only unit that trains initial-entry correction and detention specialists in the U.S. Army. He has more than 20 years of experience serving in a variety of leadership positions throughout the U.S. Army Military Police Corps. Soldiers prepare for a forced cell move at a mock confnement facility. Luley.1.indd 29 3/21/2014 12:58:41 PM

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