Military Police

SPRING 2014

Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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Maintaining Training Objectives in a Budget-Constrained Environment Through Simulation MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 38 T he 705th Military Police Battalion (Internment/ Resettlement), Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is an organization flled with tradition and a long lineage of pride and accountability. Personnel assigned to the battalion are charged with a unique and important mission—maintaining custody and control of U.S. military prisoners while also remaining ready to deploy in support of war. This is a 24/7 mission that requires highly trained Soldiers with a special skill set. Military Occupational Specialty 31E falls under the military police career management feld; but unlike their counterparts, 31Es are correctional specialists who are trained in every aspect of the custody, control, and accountability of U.S. prisoners and detainees. Due to the nature of the 31E profession, 31Es must constantly address numerous obstacles and realities to satisfy the mission requirements of the 705th. These challenges include—but are not limited to—decreased budgets; the maintenance of accreditation; the operational tempo of personnel; preparation for the arrival of highly visible prisoners; and the human factors of the daily care of, and interaction with, prisoners. Armed with a trained, professional staff, the offcers, noncommissioned offcers, and other Soldiers of the battalion meet these challenges head-on. 705th Military Police Battalion personnel provide support for the newest correctional facility in the Department of Defense—the Joint Regional Correctional Facility (JRCF). This state-of-the-art facility is capable of housing up to 512 pretrial and convicted prisoners. Although flled with the latest government and private-industry corrections technology, the most critical JRCF assets are the trained Soldiers that staff the facility on a daily basis. The JRCF is fully accredited by the American Correctional Association—a national, private, nonproft organization, which began in 1978. More than 1,500 correctional facilities and programs currently participate in accreditation. The accreditation process offers correctional facilities the opportunity to have operations evaluated against national standards. During the accreditation process, every aspect of operating a correctional facility is evaluated and assigned an overall percentage of compliance with national standards. In 2012, the JRCF made history when it became the frst facility to receive a rating of 100 percent on an initial accreditation evaluation. This achievement can be partially attributed to the professionalism and dedication of the members of the JRCF team, but also to the emphasis placed on training. All Soldiers assigned to the 705th Military Police Battalion must successfully complete 2 weeks of training in which they learn about working in a correctional environment. These reoccurring training cycles include Soldiers who are straight out of basic training; seasoned 31Es who have previously worked in correctional facilities; Soldiers who do not directly provide custody and control to prisoners, but who provide support to the battalion; and civilian employees who provide support services inside the facility. To ensure profciency in core tasks, 31Es must also meet additional training requirements throughout the fscal year. This additional training helps build confdence not only in the Soldier, but also in the team. In the grand scheme of the JRCF mission, the time and assets spent on training are worthwhile; however, as Soldiers leave the organization and new ones enter, the entire training process must begin again. The knowledge, experience, and profciency gained throughout a JRCF tour of duty are priceless; and when a seasoned 31E departs, leaders must—through effective foresight and training—ensure that newly assigned 31Es are postured for success. In a perfect world, extended 705th Military Police Battalion assignments would ensure the continuity of a highly effective correctional force; however, the reality of personnel changes and transitions will forever pose a challenge to JRCF operations. At any given moment in time, a worst-case scenario can become a reality in just a matter of seconds. Realistic train- ing prepares the JRCF correctional force to be vigilant in identifying and eliminating potential hazards and to react appropriately in any given situation. Although the JRCF lever- ages technology to enhance daily operations, the technology is simply a tool; it cannot duplicate or replace the knowledge and experience of 31Es who have mastered their craft. For this reason, personnel turnover is one of the many challenges facing the JRCF. Considering the limited budget, coupled with personnel turnover issues, the 705th Military Police Battalion decided to use simulations in conjunction with unit training plans to give JRCF leaders, Soldiers, and civilians a chance to exercise their knowledge without jeopardizing the safety and security of the prison. To incorporate simulations into the JRCF training, the 705th enlisted the help of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command Capability Manager (TCM)–Gaming, National Simulation Center, U.S Army Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth. The term gaming refers to the application of computer games to support military training and education. TCM–Gaming is responsible for combat development activities, including the planning, managing, felding, and integrating of gaming technology into Army-wide training. The organization focuses on ensuring that gaming technologies used by leaders and Soldiers adhere to Army standards for training environments and eliminates the duplication of effort for gaming initiatives and programs. To maintain accreditation, JRCF standing operating procedures must be fully compliant and orders must be posted for all staff members to ensure that they know what to do in any situation. The prison also conducts quarterly emergency action plan exercises that focus on disturbances, bomb threats, By Major Brian E. Bettis and Captain Melvin L. Mack Bettis and Mack.indd 40 3/21/2014 1:40:36 PM

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