Military Police

SPRING 2014

Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 39 procedures for missing inmates, and severe weather situations. Facility and training objectives are severely hindered when exercising these plans, due to the real-world confnement of inmates. The exercises are staff-intensive, as the JRCF attempts to make them as "real" as possible through the use of role players and observers/controllers. Usually, not all staff members are immersed in the exercise and only a few training objectives are met by the end of the exercise. But through gaming, the commander—with much more fexibility—can ensure that all staff members participate and that the facility continues to operate without disruptions. To help create a realistic simulation, or game, of the JRCF, the 705th Military Police Battalion supplied the National Simulation Center with blueprints of the JRCF, which provided a realistic view of exactly what the commander, staff, and Soldiers actually see every day. TCM-Gaming personnel added recorded sounds of slamming doors and inmate banter and requests. In addition, data from the Digital Training Management System was used to create avatars that accurately represent the capabilities of Soldiers. For example, a Soldier who is an expert with a 9-millimeter pistol is depicted as such in the game. Likewise, an avatar moves only as quickly as a particular Soldier's actual physical ftness capabilities will allow. The 705th is taking the TCM–Gaming simulation to a different level than most other units. Professional certifcations are important in a prison environment, and assurance that the right person is in the right position can certainly enhance the professionalism of day-to-day operations. For example, a watch commander, who is ultimately the lead element for the facility commander, has a vital job within the prison. The JRCF can now use the TCM-Gaming simulation as a tool to verify that a potential watch commander has the necessary knowledge and skills before he or she actually steps foot inside the prison. The simulation can also be used to retrain Soldiers who might need to refresh their knowledge about a procedure or to validate a Soldier's understanding when a new standard is implemented. A prison commander who fails to think through an entire process can be haunted by the "what if" factor. But now, realistic scenarios can be created to help in the training development process and to show leaders and staff what could go wrong. Thanks to the arrival of a few high-profle, pretrial prisoners, the JRCF has been in the public eye since it opened in 2010. Once it becomes public knowledge that these prisoners are to be held at the JRCF, major planning and coordination are initiated to ensure their safe arrival. Due to the controversial nature of some cases and the history of displays of public outrage on and off Fort Leavenworth, major precautions are taken. In some cases, protesters line the main entrance to the installation and the high level of public attention naturally attracts numerous media outlets—all hoping for a chance to report the newest developments. As a matter of common practice in virtually any correctional facility, including the JRCF, electronic devices such as cameras, cell phones, and portable computers are not allowed. In addition, taking pictures of the JRCF is prohibited. When high-profle prisoners with a great deal of media attention are confned at the JRCF, vigilant Soldiers continuously monitor the perimeter of the facility and identify and report any suspicious media activity they observe. Two armed guards conduct mobile patrol operations around the facility to ensure the security of the perimeter and beyond. In addition, as predicted, deceptive tactics are sometimes used in attempts to entice inside information from the JRCF staff. One common media tactic involves locating various areas where Soldiers normally gather and engage in conversation about what they do in the Army. Once individuals are identifed as Soldiers, media representatives ask probing questions in an effort to identify JRCF staff members. To counteract this and other, similar approaches, the JRCF staff attends numerous hours of media training. Through the training, the Soldiers learn how to interact with media crews while continuously maintaining operational security. The training is very benefcial. Although the JRCF staff experiences life under the microscope when high-profle cases like these come along, the staff does not treat highly visible pre- or post-trial prisoners any differently than other prisoners. Without exception, JRCF prisoners are treated with dignity and respect. Unit commanders, frst-line leaders, and trainers must mitigate the risk associated with reduced resources with effcient, effective, innovative training. The Chief of Staff of the Army has indicated a need to balance the mix of live, constructive, and virtual training. This means that the type of training must be reviewed by echelon. The maximum use of existing training support systems is necessary, and the use of simulations will prepare the 705th Military Police Battalion for cheaper, more fexible training with less risk. In a career feld where teamwork is a must and predictability is a luxury, the Soldiers of the 705th Military Police Battalion rise to the occasion and fulfll their duties every day. From the lowest-level private to the facility commander, each Soldier plays a critical role in the custody and control of prisoners housed at the JRCF. Although the Soldiers of the 705th will continue to come and go, the mission of providing vigilant custody and control to U.S. military prisoners housed at the JRCF will remain the same. Soldiers assigned to this fne organization will provide custody and care for the inmates and serve as the standard—today and for years to come. Major Bettis is the executive offcer, 705th Military Police Battalion. He holds a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Castleton State College, Castleton, Vermont, and a master's degree in business and organizational security management from Webster University. Captain Mack is the assistant operations and training offcer (S-3), 705th Military Police Battalion. He holds a bachelor's degree in human resources from Park University, Parkville, Missouri. Bettis and Mack.indd 41 3/21/2014 12:34:28 PM

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