Military Police

SPRING 2014

Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 6 Many of the contingencies to which the United States responded militarily in the past 50 years have been appropriately defned as conficts. The same can reasonably be expected in the future, but with the addition of cyberspace. As was true during the Cold War, many of our greatest successes in the future will not occur on the battlefeld; rather, maintaining peace may be our greatest achievement. This will be no easy task as global tensions and instability increase in ungoverned or weakly governed spaces around the world. History has taught us that without a capable, highly trained land force, the United States has little infuence in many of those spaces. That land force, our Army, must remain the best-equipped, best- trained, and most combat-ready force in the world if it is to have the strategic effect we seek. That readiness is built from the bottom up. This is the frst critical point where company commanders must help shape the future. As owners of the training schedule, commanders have a critical role in developing team, squad, and platoon skills. Commanders ensure that broadening training— like language, geographical, and cultural familiarization—is done effectively, in a rigorous manner. Soldiers from the generation that fought in Iraq and Afghanistan will not be satisfed with training that is focused on artifcial scenarios and made-up adversaries, so their commanders need to be innovative about preparing well-coordinated, realistic training. Subordinates must be challenged, and they have to feel that their challenges have a direct link to future operations. In order not to lose 12 years of combat-proven leader development, company grade offcers must fnd a balance between building an Army prepared for the range of military operations and succumbing to pressure to "get back to the way it used to be." Unfortunately, the possession of such a trained and ready force is useless if it cannot affect regions where trouble is brewing. As units reposition from overseas bases and return to the United States, it becomes more crucial than ever for the Army to adopt an expeditionary mind-set and improve its expeditionary capability. To do so, the Army is aligning units to specifc geographical regions and arranging them into scalable and tailored expeditionary force packages that meet the needs of the joint force commander across the range of military operations. In short, our Army will be better postured to generate strategic infuence anywhere in the world and, as part of the joint force, to deter aggression. In this construct, company commanders must conduct environmental training specifc to their regions. Becoming familiar with the people, cultures, and languages of the region in which one's unit will operate is critical to the success of a continental U.S.- based Army. Conventional-force companies learned much over the past 12 years as they executed missions historically reserved for special forces. War is fundamentally a human endeavor, and understanding the people involved is critically important. Company commanders cannot now ignore the hard-won lessons of their predecessors by ignoring one of the special forces' key tasks of understanding the operational environment. Those who meet this intent and enforce standards during this training will ensure that we pay those lessons forward to the next generation. Shape the Operational Environment During peacetime, the Army is continuously engaged in shaping the global environment to promote stability and partner nation capabilities. We do this for several reasons—the most important of which is maintaining peace in the pursuance of American national security interests. Where confict has already broken out, engagement helps keep it contained and may even lead to a peaceful resolution. By helping to build partner capacity and trust, forward-engaged Army units greatly add to regional and global stability. Moreover, by building strong relationships of mutual trust, we facilitate access and set the conditions for success in any future combined operation in a particular region or country. But what are shaping operations, and how are they executed at the company level? Shaping operations, which occur at any echelon, create or preserve conditions for the success of the decisive operation. Thus, engagement by regionally aligned forces positively shapes the environment in which the Army operates throughout the range of military operations. This aligns with the notion of the "strategic corporal," which recognizes that in the information age, the actions of individuals and small groups can have widespread impact well beyond what was intended at the time. Every action has a reaction, and it is necessary for junior offcers to be aware of the role their Soldiers and units play in the overall strategic goals of our Nation. As part of regionally aligned shaping operations, the Army will employ a careful mix of rotational and forward-deployed forces, develop relationships with foreign militaries, and conduct recurring training exercises with foreign partners to demonstrate the Nation's enduring commitment to allies and friends. Where we share mutually benefcial interests with an ally, the Army enhances that partner's self-defense capacity and improves its ability to serve as a capable member of a future military coalition. More-capable allies generate a stabilizing infuence in their regions, tending to reduce the need for American military interventions over time. Shaping operations do not end with planned training engagements by forward-deployed units. Other actions that the units, or even small groups of individual Soldiers, take can have a shaping effect. Those actions will run the gamut from brigade- or division-size assistance after a natural disaster, to a single act of kindness to a foreign student in an Army school who later rises to high levels in his nation's armed forces. All shaping activities should convey to our intended audiences a clear message: We are committed to peace, and our Nation protects its friends and defends its interests. Instilling this understanding among our Soldiers and junior noncommissioned offcers (NCOs) is one of the vital roles that company grade offcers play in the execution of strategic landpower. Cone.1.indd 8 3/31/2014 8:47:10 AM

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