Military Police

SPRING 2014

Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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MILITARY POLICE . 19-14-1 8 By Colonel Richard Vanderlinden (Retired) Introduction T he U.S. Army Antiterrorism Program is a risk-based protection program. At the heart of a risk assessment, lies an intersection between threat, vulnerability, and criticality as they relate to organizational mission accomplishment. The Army antiterrorism policy and doctrine establish risk assessment methodologies that are intended to support a common approach to risk management. Risk management concepts and execution cut across the Army Antiterrorism Program and the Army Protection Program (APP) and serve as critical elements of the evolving Department of Defense (DOD) Mission Assurance Strategy and the DOD Mission Assurance Strategy Implementation Framework. 1, 2 As DOD and the Army continue to improve program and mission integration and synchronization, risk assessment methodologies from installation to strategic levels are expected to make use of a common framework, allowing aggregate risk visibility at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels. At each level, results of the risk assessment are intended to be used for resource allocation and decisionmaking for the budget execution year and for programming for out- year requirements. Current Methodology Army antiterrorism risk assessment methods have evolved over time, primarily as a result of the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing in Khobar, Saudi Arabia. 3 The current risk assessment methodology is detailed in Field Manual (FM) 3-37.2, Antiterrorism, which contains in-depth information regarding the Army composite risk management process and the tools used in the process. 4 The procedures and tools presented in FM 3-37.2 include— y Threat assessments. y Criticality assessments. y Vulnerability assessments. y Risk assessment matrices and tables. y Risk assessment concepts and tools. ■ Criticality, Accessibility, Recuperability, Vulnerabil- ity, Effect, and Recognizability (CARVER). CARVER is a tool used to assist protection staffs in conducting risk assessments by determining criticality and vulnerabil- ity. In the case of criticality, CARVER helps determine which assets are most critical to the success of the overall mission of the organization. This helps decisionmakers determine what resources need to be allocated to protect critical assets. For vulnerability, CARVER allows for the assessment of potential targets from a terrorist's perspec- tive to identify assets that might be perceived as good targets by adversaries. ■ M i s s i o n , S y m b o l i s m , H i s t o r y, Ac c e s s i b i l i t y, R e c o g n i z a b i l i t y, Po p u l a t i o n , a n d P r ox i m i t y (MSHAR PP). 5 MSHAR PP is a targeting analysis tool used to analyze likely terrorist targets and assess their vulnerability. After developing a list of potential targets, the protection staff uses MSHARPP to associate adversaries' weapons or tactics with specifc targets to determine the effectiveness, effciency, and plausibility of the attack method and identify vulnerabilities related to the target. An understanding of the overall signifcance of risk and the direction that the Army and DOD are taking with regard to risks related to terrorist threats begins with the Army Antiterrorism Strategic Plan (ATSP), Phase III, "Burnishing the Steel, 2013– 2016." 6 The objectives of the ATSP include Objective 6B, which was specifcally developed to promote the integration of antiterrorism within the APP, and Objective 6C, which was designed to integrate antiterrorism with larger security- related initiatives such as the evolution of the DOD mission assurance construct. Together, these two objectives constitute a game changer for the Army Antiterrorism Program. Now, more than ever before, antiterrorism must be integrated with other, higher-level security and protection programs and missions. Risk management is a critical, crosscutting function that is common to the Army Antiterrorism Program, the APP, and the DOD Mission Assurance Strategy. This article describes the linkage among the Antiterrorism Program, the APP, and the Mission Assurance Strategy and explains the future of risk management within the Army antiterrorism community. Due to the importance of risk as a factor in Antiterrorism Program and mission planning and execution, risk implications are woven throughout the fabric of the ATSP goals and objectives. At least 22 of the 40 overall Vanderlinden.1.indd 10 3/21/2014 1:10:46 PM

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