Military Police


Military Police contains information about military police functions in maneuver and mobility support, area security, law and order, internment/resettlement, and police intelligence operations.

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MILITARY POLICE 14 in a systematic approach. These gaps can then impact the success of the mission. NATO doctrine pertaining to CPERs operations authorizes individual nations an exemption from performing certain aspects of CPERs operations based on national caveats. Countries that have developed and imple- ment a strict guidance (such as the United States) will bridge the gaps in other countries' standard operating procedures. It is essential for commanders to identify the CPERs-related national caveats of allied nations before any deployment or execution of operations. The commander at each location and echelon maintains the overall responsibility for the execution of detention oper- ations and provides safe and humane treatment for CPERs, as required by international laws (the Geneva Conventions and the Law of Armed The commander must an- ticipate problems and establish planning mechanisms that identify potential detainee-related issues as early in the planning phase as possible. Plans should adequately ac- count for a potentially large of detainees during the frst days of combat operations. 1 The negative and visible impact that detention operations could have on the overall mission requires that several staff considerations be identi- fed during the planning of detention operations: • Assets. Military police units understand equipment re- quirements and are trained and prepared to conduct de- tention operations. Generally, these assets are tasked to provide their knowledge and expertise during combat op- erations. A plan must be established to identify organiza- tions to be responsible for the transportation, processing, and operation of the collecting point when military police units are not available. • National caveats of multinational allies. The staff must understand national caveats and capabilities of subordinate units. Some countries have the assets and training necessary to conduct full-scale detention opera- tions independently, while others will provide technical guidance and assume advisory roles only. The intent of interoperability is to identify the strengths and weak- nesses of all available units and capitalize on what each organization offers to achieve mission success. • Because conducting detainee operations is a Military Police Corps core com- petency, training immediately before an operation may not be necessary when a military po- lice unit is available to conduct detainee operations. When other forces conduct specifc and key functions, training should be emphasized and ensured before conducting an operation. The primary principles and concepts that a unit must understand in- clude the Geneva Convention (III) Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, the Geneva Convention (IV) Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, the development and implementation of one stan- dard to conduct searches and escort CPERs, and familiarity with necessary documents (cap- ture tags, sworn statements, evi- dence/property inventory, trans- fer). Training should incorporate legal personnel and other subject matter experts, when appropriate. • Logistics. The success or failure of the detention opera- tion mission in any given scenario is largely impacted by logistical planning. The primary objective of safely and humanely handling CPERs is effected through the segre- gation and processing of CPERs in appropriate housing or shelter, as the operational situation allows. Appropri- ate shelter or confnement may consist of a simple con- fguration of concertina wire and stakes or be as elabo- rate as tents or buildings. Additional considerations must include the storage of food, water, fuel, and generators depending on the length of the stay and the number of anticipated CPERs. Given that the general-purpose, medium tent can physically contain approximately 20 CPERs, a large number of CPERs could create a diffcult situation to logistically control and maintain. • Location. While the location of the collecting point can be dictated by a variety of factors, it should be located away from combat operations to prevent CPERs from observing what is occurring in the area of operations. In situations in which it is essential to maximize time and resources (such as during cordon-and-search opera- tions), the operation of a collecting point in the area of Bulgarian military police soldiers maintain control of CPERs while a U.S. military police noncommissioned offcer conducts in-processing procedures.

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